"…throughout the various processes a feeling of delicious languor and indescribable enjoyment generally prevails, while afterwards there is a wonderful feeling of buoyancy and vigour."

  
1. I am grateful to Dr Mary Ann Elston for suggesting this perspective.



  
2. 'The Turkish bath'   Critic    (17 Feb 1872)    p.124



  
3. The Turkish bath / Frederic Collins Coley. — London : Walter Scott, 1887. — p.10



  
4. The Turkish bath, or patriarchal regenerator by hot air: a lecture delivered in the Town Hall, Southport / Thomas Lewen Marsden. — Southport : Haigh’s Turkish Baths p.20


  
5. Baths and bathing: the Nottingham Hammam: un établissement de luxe. — Nottingham : Nottingham Turkish Baths Co Ltd, 1898. — pp.9-10


  
6. Baths and bathing: the Nottingham Hammam: un établissement de luxe. — Nottingham : Nottingham Turkish Baths Co Ltd, 1898. — pp.9-10


  
7. For a short popular account of the water cure, see:  Taking the cure / E S Turner. — London : Michael Joseph, 1967


  
8. The Pillars of Hercules: or, a narrative of travels in Spain & Morocco in 1848 / David Urquhart. — London : Richard Bentley, 1850. — Chapter VIII (pp.33-88) describes ‘The Bath’. — Actually published 1849


  
9. For further information on Roman baths, see: Baths and bathing in classical antiquity / by Fikret Yegül, — New York : Architectural History Foundation, 1995   and   Roman baths in Britain / Tony Rook. — Princes Risborough : Shire, 1992


  
10. The Turkish bath: an antidote for the cravings of the drunkard / ‘A.J.’. — Dublin : Webb, 1859. — (Tracts on the drink question; no.1). — p.4


  
11. A letter from William Potter dated 13 July was published as:  'The Turkish bath'   Sheffield Free Press    (18 July 1857)     p.3


  
12. A letter from William Potter dated 13 July was published as:  'The Turkish bath'   Sheffield Free Press    (18 July 1857)     p.3


  
13. Thermo-therapeutics / S Barker and S Henderson. — London : Henry Renshaw, 1861



  
14. ‘The Turkish bath is now open!’   Bradford advertiser   (10 Apr 1858)  p.4   (Classified advertisement)


  
15. ‘Matlock Bank Hydro’  Post Office directory of Birmingham    (Two-page advertisement)



  
16. ‘Matlock Bank Hydro’   Post Office directory of Birmingham    (Two-page advertisement) Opening of the Central Baths: 13 September 1905. — Bradford : The council, 1905. — p.3


  
17. ‘Opening of Turkish baths in Brighton’   Builder    (24 Oct 1868)    p.786



  
18. ‘Adjourned inquest: second day’  Buckinghamshire advertiser   (13 Feb 1858)   p.4



  
19. Industries of Yorkshire. — 1888. —p.168



  
20. ‘Keighley Baths’  Keighley news    (25 Jul 1868)



  
21. 'The Turkish bath’ / ‘L.E.P.’    Bradford advertiser    (27 Feb 1858)    p.4    (Letter to the editor)



  
22. ‘Opening of the Northampton Turkish bath this day’     Northampton daily chronicle     (17 May 1892)



  
23. Life and labour of the people in London… / Charles Booth. — 2nd edition. — London : Macmillan, 1902-1903. — 17 vols. — The notes for the interviews are in the Charles Booth Archive at the LSE. This interview is from Group B , vol.161, p.12 recto.


  
24. Sanitas sanitatum et omnia sanitas. Volume 1 / Richard Metcalfe. — London : The author, 1877. — (All published). — p.298


  
25. For more about this, see: Page 7 of the article Towards a history of the Victorian Turkish bath: Publicly funded Turkish baths


  
26. The Cork and Muskerry Light Railway / Alan T Newham. — Oxford : Oakwood Pr, 1968. — (Locomotion papers; no.39)


  
27. The Ladies’ Sanitary Association and the origins of the health visiting services / William Charles Dowling. — (MA), University of London, 1963. — (Unpublished thesis). — p.71


  
28. The Turkish bath in health and disease, with special reference to the establishment in Cardiff / Franklen G Evans. — Cardiff : The Guardian Office. — p.8


  
29. Gloucester Corporation. Baths Committee minutes (17 August 1891)



  
30. Gloucester Corporation. Market, Quay and Baths Committee minutes (15 July 1921)



  
31. Life and labour of the people in London… / Charles Booth. — 2nd edition. — London : Macmillan, 1902-1903. — 17 vols. — The notes for the interviews are in the Charles Booth Archive at the LSE. This interview is from Group B , vol.161, pp.11-12


  
32. For more comparisons between male and female shampooers see: Shampooers' wages and conditions in three 19th century London Turkish baths


  
33. ‘Turkish baths’ / ‘Penelope’    Rochdale times   (2 Apr 1881)    p.6    (An item in ‘Our ladies’ column, by one of themselves’)


  
34. The Turkish bath: its design and construction / Robert Owen Allsop. — London : Spon, 1890. — p.14


  
35. The Turkish bath: its design and construction / Robert Owen Allsop. — London : Spon, 1890. — p.44


  
36. The Turkish bath: being a lecture delivered in the Mechanics’ Institute, Bradford on 8 July 1858 / Richard Barter. — Bradford : Jowett, 1858. — p.24


  
37. ‘A short description of the process gone through at The Oriental Baths, Mulberry Street, Liverpool’ / Edward Haughton.  In: Liverpool Architectural & Archaeological Society proceedings, 1860

  
38. The Turkish bath: its design and construction / Robert Owen Allsop. — London : Spon, 1890. — p.111


  
39. ‘What is this I hear?’    Swimming notes    (8 Mar 1884)    p.4



  
40. Life in a tub / DIOGENHS [ie, ‘Diogenes’] — 3rd ed, revised and enlarged.— Dublin : McGee, 1858. — p.50


  
41. Hydropathy, health and longevity / Joseph Constantine. — Manchester : John Heywood, 1895. — p.169


  
42. Swim and keep fit: Derby Baths and Entertainments official guide. — Derby : The council, 1964. — p.18


  
43. The Turkish bath / Frederic Collins Coley. — London : Walter Scott, 1887. — p.42



  
44. Letter, c.1873, to Richard Metcalfe, published in: Sanitas sanitatum et omnia sanitas. Volume 1 / Richard Metcalfe. — London : The author, 1877. — (All published). — p.290


  
45. Industries of Yorkshire. — 1888



  
46. The Roman or Turkish bath: its hygienic and curative properties / William Potter. — London : Simkin & Marshall. — 1859


  
47. Manual of the Turkish bath: heat a mode of cure and a source of strength for men and animals: from the writings of Mr Urquhart / edited by Sir John Fife. — London : John Churchill, 1865. — p.350


  
48. The employment of women doctors was only sanctioned there in 1927.



  
49. Colney Hatch Lunatic Asylum. Annual report, 1867. Quoted in: Hunter (1974) p.85


  
50. Commissioners in Lunacy. Annual report, 1869. Quoted in: Hunter (1974) p.85



  
51. Commissioners in Lunacy. Annual report, 1867. Quoted in: Hunter (1974) p.145



  
52. Mr Bartholomew’s evidence before a committee of medical men on the prevention and cure of disease / Charles Bartholomew. — Sixth ed. — Bristol : Marshall, 1870. — p.20



  
53. A chat upon health: Pat Dennehy visits Mrs Magrath / by the author of ‘Illness: its causes and cure’, etc. — London : T Burns, 1875. — p.9


  
54. Mr Bartholomew’s evidence before a committee of medical men on the prevention and cure of disease / Charles Bartholomew. — Sixth ed. — Bristol : Marshall, 1870. — pp.76-80, 119-122


  
55. Recollections of the late Dr Barter / by the author of 'Simple questions and sanitary facts'… . — Dublin : William McGee, 1875


  
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