"…the principle of circulating a continuous current of fresh heated air into the hot rooms had shown itself to be ‘superior in every respect’ to the methods adopted in the earlier baths."

  
1. Enever, Gary    The History of the Newcastle Infirmary, 1751 to 2001 http://research.ncl.ac.uk/nsa/tl3.htm    Accessed July 2011


  
2. ‘Annual report of the Infirmary. 109th report    (Newcastle-on-Tyne: the infirmary, 1860)    p.12


  
3. The Turkish, or Roman bath, in Leicester    Leicester: Leicester Journal, 1861    p.8



  
4. Annual report of the Infirmary     (Newcastle-on-Tyne: the infirmary)
Reports for the years 1884-8 and 1892-7


  
5. Ward’s directory of Newcastle and district 1897



  
6. Crawshay, George    Why does man perspire? a lecture    In: Fife, John (ed) Manual of the Turkish bath    (Churchill, 1865)    p.213


  
7. Bishop, M C    A memoir of Mrs Urquhart    (Kegan Paul, 1897)



  
8. Quoted in: ‘Roman hypocaust and sweating bath’    Free Press    (16 Dec 1857)    p.572



  
9. Annual report of the Infirmary. 109th report    (Newcastle-on-Tyne: the infirmary, 1860) p.12


  
10. Quoted in: ‘The Turkish bath’    Freeman's Journal    (22 Oct 1859)



  
11. ‘Remedial effects of the Turkish baths’    Medical Times and Gazette    (23 Nov 1861) pp.544-5


  
12. For example: Bristol Mercury (13 Apr 1861); The Times (2 May 1861)



  
13. Bolton, John Adams    UK Patent 689,    1861



  
14. Annual report of the Infirmary. 113th report    (Newcastle-on-Tyne: the infirmary, 1864) p.12



  
15. The National Archives (TNA): Public Record Office (PRO) BT31 1752/6521



  
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