London: 5 South Street, Finsbury Square

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The City Turkish Bath


1861

The City Turkish Baths

   

 

Dr Edward Wickstead Lane (Propr)

   

 

Thomas Lowther Dove (Mgr)

 

 

Opened early January

1863

The City Turkish Baths

   

 

Dr Edward Wickstead Lane (Propr)

   

 

Thomas Lowther Dove (Mgr)

1864

The City Turkish Baths

1

 

Dr Edward Wickstead Lane (Propr)

 

 

It is not known when the baths closed.


Notes

 

In the above chronology, information has been taken from sources detailed in the following footnotes: 1 2


      
In 1860, Dr Edward Wickstead Lane, a hydropathist and Edinburgh qualified physician, purchased James Ellis's Hydropathic Sanatorium at Sudbrook Park, Petersham, just outside Richmond in Surrey.3 The Turkish bath there was probably installed by Ellis though this is not known for certain. But as a hydropathist Lane would have been aware of the bath's successful use in other hydros and may have installed it immediately after his purchase. What is indisputable is that Lane was a firm believer in the bath's value as a therapeutic agent because early in January 1861, only months after the first London establishment opened in Bell Street, he opened these, the first Turkish Baths in the City of London.1

Though the day-to-day running of the baths was undertaken by a manager, Thomas Lowther Dove, Lane himself gave consultations at the baths every Tuesday and Friday afternoon between 1 and 4 o'clock.4

The baths were open daily from 8.00 in the morning till 8.00 at night and cost 2/6d, or a guinea for a course of ten. Wet-sheet packing and other hydropathic treatments were also available on the premises, together with bed and breakfast accommodation at a guinea and a half per week to include the use of the Turkish baths.5

Most of what we know about these baths comes from two anonymous articles, one published in the USA,6 and the other (probably reprinted from a London paper) in Trewman's Exeter Flying Post.7 The former is a puff-piece typical of its time, its two-and-a-half pages starting with the description of a bath taken by a first-timer persuaded by a friend to try one. It continues with the usual suggestions as to how helpful the Turkish bath is to those suffering from a variety of physical disorders, with apposite quotations from Erasmus Wilson and David Urquhart.

But, like the second article, it does give some basic information about the establishment. So we know that immediately on entering the building the bather was asked to remove his outdoor shoes and replace them with a pair of red slippers which he was handed. The bather undressed in a curtained cubicle and proceeded to the hot rooms clad only in a sheet.

There were two hot rooms, furnished with wooden benches for seating. The first was kept between 120ºF and 140ºF, and the second at up to 200ºF. Unusually, after spending some time at the higher temperature, the bather then returned to the first hot room where the shampooing process was undertaken by one of four shampooers.

The showering process which followed seems to have had much in common with the practice prevalent in water-cure establishments. An attendant controlled the operation and the bather first received a shower of warm water. Next he was wiped down, and then the cold water was turned on and, as the author of the article put it,

for a moment you feel staggered, and involuntarily gasp for breath. Now comes the crowning luxury. You are wiped dry, wrapped in a sheet, a kind of turban is wrapped round your head, and you are taken up-stairs to lie down on a downy couch, to smoke it may be—and if you wish to enjoy yourself thoroughly you certainly will—a first-rate cigar, and a capital cup of coffee, and then you and your fellow-bathers recline, like the gods on hills together, careless of mankind.

A final touch, not so far encountered elsewhere, was that in the evening those in the cooling-room were 'further regaled by a musical performance of no ordinary character.'  For once, one wishes the writer had told us more.

Towards the end of the article, there is a table showing an analysis of the reasons given by 221 bathers for taking a Turkish bath at this establishment. Since the article was originally published soon after the baths opened, there is reason to suggest that the analysis was of the first 221 bathers to use the baths, though one cannot be certain about this.

The bathers were first divided into groups according to whether they were frequent, occasional, or first-time bathers. Then each group was divided according to reasons for the visit.

BATHERS PLEASURE COLDS

RHEUMATISM

AND GOUT

OTHER

AILMENTS

 FREQUENT   54   3   8   4
 OCCASIONAL   53   4 14   9
 FIRST BATH   47   4   9 12
 



  154 11 31 25

This is a very small number of bathers for a survey so one must be wary of drawing any other than tentative conclusions from the results. But what is especially interesting about these figures is that no-one has given bathing to cleanse oneself as a reason for the bath. This may be because the city businessmen who frequented this establishment would have considered themselves clean as they would probably have had bathing facilities, however rudimentary, at home. Or it may be because the proprietor felt that it would not be politic to ask whether this was the reason for the visit.

What is clear, however, is that already, within five years of the introduction of the Turkish bath into the British Isles (and only one year after the first one opened in London), it was already perfectly acceptable to admit that one went to the Turkish bath for enjoyment—and this despite all the advertising which concentrated on the bath as the ultimate cleanser, or the cure for an astonishing range of illnesses.

 

This page last updated 29 December 2013
 

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