Hypocaust in a Roman house, c.2 CE

Hot-air tunnel leading to hypocaust at Trier
< Photo: Shifrin

Hot air tunnel leading to under-floor hypocaust in a Roman House, c.2 ce, at Trier (Trèves) in Germany. The pillars of the hypocaust are about 60 cm high. An opening to another tunnel can just be seen in the centre of the wall on the right.

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Hot-air bathing before the Victorian Turkish bath

Early problems and controversies. Part 3: technological issues

The Turkish bath as a procedure

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Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline

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