VICTORIAN TURKISH BATHS:
their origin, development, & gradual decline

A website for the exchange of information, by Malcolm Shifrin.
Dedicated to Devra

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About this site, online since November 1999

 

                         
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Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline

                     

 

 
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00: 


HOME PAGE

 

A list of Turkish baths which are still open

 

About the author and the dedicatee

 

Navigation and best viewing hints

 

Bookmarking and printing pages

 

Updating policy

 

Citing the site and copyright matters

 

Pictures of the month archive

 

 

0:  

CHARIVARI

 

  0: Currency and temperature conversion

 

  0: Turkish bath closures, 1990—

 

  1: Humour at Westminster?

 

  2: Progress at Manchester

 

  3: Research at Leamington Spa

 

  4: Carlisle baths Listed

 

  5: Bath attendants, New York City, 1882

 

  6: Legal action for the loss of a nose

 

  7: Music for the Turkish bath

 

  8: Corrections to the Survey of London

 

  9: The wearing of costumes in local authority baths

 

 

1: 

DEFINITION AND INTRODUCTION

 

  1: What is a Victorian Turkish bath?

 

  2: Why should it interest us?

 

  3: Aims of the website

 

  4: The information exchange

   

2: 

HISTORY OF THE VICTORIAN TURKISH BATH

 

Section title pages include photographs of: 

 

the hot room at Cragside;

 

the Minute Book of the London & Provincial

 

   Turkish Bath Co Ltd

   

The Arrival of the Turkish bath in 19C London

 

  1: Introduction

 

  2: The first Turkish baths

 

  3: The first Turkish baths in London

 

  4: Charges and class

 

  5: London women and the bath

  

Clean in body and mind: the Movement

 

  1: Introduction

 

  2: Urquhart, Barter, and St Ann's

 

  3: The Committees and The Free Press

 

  4: The Committees and their Turkish baths

 

  5: Clean in body and mind

 

David Urquhart and the London Hammam

 

  1: Introduction

 

  2: A couple of books and a couple of Acts

 

  3: The class barrier

 

  4: The Subscribers' meeting

 

  5: Urquhart's rôle and remuneration

 

  6: Plan, reality, and conclusion

   

The First Victorian Turkish baths in New York

 

  1: Dr Shepard & the first Turkish bath in the USA

 

  2: The First Turkish bath in Manhattan

 

The Hot air controversy: wet air or dry air?

 

  1: Background to the controversy

 

  2: The start of the row: Dr Madden's article

 

  3: Dr Barter's response

 

  4: Support from others

 

  5: Conclusion

 

Nothing but a load of hot air: controversies

 

  1: Introduction

 

  2: Technology and attitudes

 

  3: Technological issues

 

  4: Attitudinal issues;  Cleanliness

 

  5: Doctors' attitudes

 

  6: Class

 

  7: Charges of indolence and effeminacy

 

  8: Shampooing and nakedness

 

  9: Terminology and architectural style

 

10: Coda;  Postscript

 

Review of the sources for a Turkish bath history

 

  1: Before the Victorian Turkish bath

 

  2: Urquhart & the Victorian Turkish bath

 

  3: Barter & the Victorian Turkish bath

 

  4: Some early publications

 

  5: Controversy and problems

 

  6: Rise of Victorian Turkish bath

 

  7: Publicly funded baths

 

  8: Baths for special needs

 

Turkish baths for animals

 

  1: Introduction

 

  2: The first Turkish baths for animals

 

  3: Turkish baths for racehorses

 

  4: Turkish baths for urban working horses

   

3: 

Victorian Turkish bath TOPICS

 

Section title pages include:

 

dragon tattoo by Sutherland Macdonald;

 

caricature of a first-timer's visit to a Turkish bath.

 

'Classical porticos' and 'touches of eastern grandeur'

 

  1: The Turkish bath as a procedure

 

  2: The Turkish bath as a facility  

 

  3: Roman bath or Turkish bath?

 

  4: A working class movement

 

Heritaging the Victorian Turkish bath

 

  1: Heritaging

 

  2: David Urquhart and Richard Barter

 

  3: Naming the bath

 

  4: Styling the bath

 

Performance in the raw

 

  1: The stages of the Turkish bath

 

  2: Urquhart's performance

 

  3: Theatre and performance

 

  4: The ritual of the towels

 

  5: The shampooing ritual

 

  6: The hand-clapping ritual

 

  7: The self-confident bathers

 

Shampooing in 19th century London

 

  1: Charles Booth's survey

 

  2: The Turkish baths surveyed

 

  3: The shampooers

 

  4: Hours and holidays

 

  5: Shampooers' wages

 

  6: Tips, tipping, and total income

 

Women and the Victorian Turkish bath

 

  1:   Introduction

 

  2:   The first Victorian Turkish baths

 

  3:   Women and the first Turkish baths

 

  4:   Availability of the baths to women

 

  5:   Entrance charges & attendants' wages

 

  6:   Attitudes to privacy, nudity, & exercise

 

  7:   The Turkish bath and women's health

 

 —    Table: Victorian Turkish Baths known to have had women's facilities

 

—Shorter topics

 

A Bunch of baths books

 

Cabinet baths: the DIY approach

 

Caricatures and cartoons

 

David and Harriet Urquhart: a team

 

The Death of William Urquhart

 

Earliest Turkish bath photos?

 

Hydropathy and wet sheet packing

 

James Joyce's Ulysses

 

Ladies' night in a Turkish bath

 

Letter from Constantinople

 

Mrs Doggett asks for more: duties of the housekeeper at 76 Jermyn Street

 

Shakespeare takes a Turkish: a parody

 

Steaming: the theatre moves to Harrogate Turkish Baths

 

Turkish baths: hot, humid, or steamy?

 

Turkish baths in fiction

 

The Urquharts' bath at Riverside

 

Verse and worse

 

Which was Trollope's Jermyn St Turkish bath?

 

    

4: 

PERSONS connected with Turkish baths

 

Section title pages include images of:

 

Francis Francis;

 

Thomas Gibson Bowles;

 

Major Robert Poore;

 

Some Turkish bath personalities

 

Dr Richard Barter and At Ann's Hydropathic Establishment

   

  1:   Dr Barter and the early years of St Ann's

 

George Elson

   

5: 

Public COMPANIES involved with Turkish baths

 

Section title pages include images of:

 

Share certificate of the Stroud Baths Society Ltd

 

Turkish bath companies

 

The articles on individual companies are reached from:

 

List of Limited Liability Companies  

 

          

6: 

DIRECTORY of Turkish baths in the British Isles

 

The articles on individual establishments
are reached from the lists below, and are preceded by notes on . . .

 

The directory, and what is included

 

How the Turkish baths in the directory have been found and dated

 

Lists of Turkish baths in the British Isles by PLACE

 

England: London

 

England: Provinces

 

Ireland

 

Scotland

 

Wales

 

Lists of some special user Turkish baths in the British Isles by TYPE

 

Animals

 

Asylums

 

Clubs

 

Hospitals

 

Houses

 

Hydros

 

Ocean liners

 

Workhouses

 

Lists of some Turkish baths outside the British Isles by CONTINENT

 

Scope of the overseas lists        

 

Africa        

 

Australasia

 

Europe

 

North America

 

        

7: 

CHARIVARI        

 

  001: Currency and temperature conversion        

 

  002: Turkish bath closures, 1990—        

 

  01: Humour at Westminster?        

 

  02: Progress at Manchester        

 

  03: Research at Leamington Spa        

 

  04: Carlisle baths Listed        

 

  05: Bath attendants, New York City, 1882        

 

  06: Action for loss of a nose

 

  07: Music for the Turkish bath

 

        

 

glOSSARY

 

List of terms included

   
 

Images index & picture gallery

 

Section title page includes:

 

weight table from the Imperial Hotel bedrooms

 

    

 

Links

 

Links to and from the site

   
 

 

(Site map last updated 03 January 2014)
 

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Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline

Comments and queries are most welcome and can be sent to:

malcolm@victorianturkishbath.org

The right of Malcolm Shifrin to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted by him
in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988