Victorian Turkish baths directory

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Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline
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For patients and staff in asylums

Plan of the Turkish bath at Wakefield asylumThis table lists the Turkish baths provided for patients and staff in some of the many Victorian asylums. They are arranged alphabetically by place.

Known opening and closing dates are indicated in the table. All articles include a chronology, though these do not appear in the version of the site without frames.

Dates in blue  are accurate openings or closures to the best of our knowledge;
Dates in maroon  are first and last sightings;
Plus or minus signs  indicate 'and later' or 'and earlier'.

When one or both of the icons on the left of the table appear in red, this indicates that there is an article, notes, chronology, or stand-alone captioned image relating to the establishment. Clicking on the left hand icon []] takes you to that establishment's page on the site; clicking on the right hand icon  [] takes you to any available no-frames version. A right hand icon  [] on its own takes you to a relevant captioned image page.

If you have access to local newspapers and can add, amend, or correct any dates, please do contact us.

Table last revised: 29 March 2022
[]] [] CATERHAM: Asylum 1875
[]] [] CORK: District Lunatic Asylum
   This was the first Turkish bath to be installed in an asylum
[]] [] DENBIGH: North Wales Counties Lunatic Asylum   1869—1910+
[]] [] DUBLIN: Bloomfield Retreat 1866
[]] [] DUBLIN: Dundrum Criminal Lunatic Asylum 1864
[]] [] EXMINSTER: Devon County Asylum 1865
[]] [] HAYWARD'S HEATH: Sussex District Lunatic Asylum    1861—1863+
[]] [] LIMERICK: District Lunatic Asylum 1876—1887
[]] [] LONDON: Claybury Asylum, Woodford 1893—1939
[]] [] LONDON: Second Middlesex County Asylum, Colney Hatch   1865—1888+
[]] [] LONDON: Leavesden 'Imbeciles Asylum 1876—        
[]] [] MULINGAR: Asylum    1891—1903+
[]] [] NORTHAMPTON: St Andrew's Hospital for Mental Diseases 1927—        
[]] [] SLIGO: Asylum 1871
[]] [] VIRGINIA WATER: The Holloway Sanatorium 1885—        
[]] [] WAKEFIELD: West Riding Pauper Lunatic Asylum
   Image above
[]] [] YORK: The Retreat   1877—1909+


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