Constantine's Convoluted Stove

Constantine's Convoluted Stove
< Joseph Constantine Hydropathy, health, and longevity (Manchester: John Heywood, 1895)

The invention of the Convoluted Stove, in 1866, by two Turkish bath owners, Joseph Constantine and Thomas Whitaker, was a major improvement on existing boilers because it completely separated the combustion fumes from the air being heated.
It gradually became the industry standard, as well as being used to heat large buildings such as Manchesterís original Free Trade Hall.

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Sources for a history. Part 5: Controversy and problems

Early problems and controversies. Part 3: technological issues

Turkish baths for animals. Part 4: Turkish baths for urban workhorses

The Turkish bath as a procedure

Pickford & Company's hospital for horses at Finchley

Oakworth house, near Haworth

Wightwick Manor, Wolverhampton

Carlisle Turkish Baths

Dover Turkish Baths

Origin of the Victorian Turkish bath


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Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline

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