Turkish baths in provincial England


Crewe: Mill Lane / Mill Street



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Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline


Original illustrated page with chronology and notes


List of other Turkish baths in the provinces




Mill Lane Baths


In 1865 the population of Crewe was somewhere between twelve and thirteen thousand people, most of whom were railway workers or dependent in some way on the London  & North Western Railway Company. Almost all the facilities of the town were provided by the company, from houses to cooking facilities for the unmarried, from churches and chapels to schools and public baths.

The first bathing facilities, comprising slipper baths for men and women, were opened for public use in 1845. They were managed by a subcommittee of the Council of the Mechanics Institute. By 1862, the company had expanded so rapidly that the baths were now right in the middle of the railway works, and access was difficult for workers' wives and for the general public.

So new public baths were built by the company at the northern end of Mill Lane (later Mill Street) and opened in 1866. These consisted of hot, tepid, and cold baths, showers, and an open-air swimming pool. The pool was pretty basic, as was common at that time. Water was changed once per week, and 'the price of admission was reduced as the water became progressively murkier'.

It is not known exactly when the Turkish baths were added, but it must have been  some time before 1874 when they were included in a contemporary local directory. Although the swimming pool was open from six till nine on Sunday mornings, and till nine o'clock in the evening during the rest of the week, the Turkish baths were open less often. They were completely closed on Sundays, and for the rest of the week there were two separate sessions each day: from ten to twelve in the morning, and from two till seven in the evening.

We don't know much about the inside of the Crewe Turkish baths, but the entrance tickets were clearly produced using the same type of machine which printed the company's standard travel tickets. The Great Western Railway, in the Turkish baths they built for their workers in Swindon, went further: many fittings, such as door handles and mirrors, were the same  as those found in their sleeper carriages.

In 1923, the L & N W R became part of the London, Midland, and Scottish Railway Company. The new company continued to operate the baths for the city for another thirteen years. However, this type of open-air swimming pool was already quite inadequate for a town of the size and importance of Crewe. Elsewhere, bathing facilities were provided by the local authority, and the company understandably saw no reason to expend the large amount of money required to build a modern facility.

In the mid-1930s, Crewe Corporation finally agreed to provide a new bathing establishment. The L M S offered to sell the existing baths to the town for £500 but the Corporation, feeling the site was too small, turned down the offer and the new baths were built elsewhere.

The Mill Street baths closed on 31 March 1936 after serving the town for seventy years. The new establishment was built without Turkish baths.

This account should be treated as work in progress. Further research is needed to fill in details, such as the type of facilities available.


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Façade of Crewe Public Baths

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Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline

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