Turkish baths in workhouses

England: King's Lynn:áExtons Road

This is a single frame, printer-friendly page taken from Malcolm Shifrin's website
Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline

Visit the original page to see it completeŚwith images, notes, and chronologies

Original page

King's Lynn Union Workhouse Turkish Baths

It is not yet known when this Turkish bath was opened. It was certainly open in 1864 as it was mentioned in a local newspaper quoting from a recently published book. The author, Senior Physician to the Royal Infirmary for Diseases of the Chest, writes that the bath 'proves of great service both to the sick and the healthy' and recommends it for consideration by all workhouse managers.

The writer goes on to praise Mr. Kendall, the Medical Officer to the Lynn Workhouse, who, he claims, was responsible for introducing the first hot air bath 'for the benefit of the poor in the manner described'.

If this is correct, then the Turkish bath must have been installed early in 1863 (or even before then) as it is known that the workhouses at Fermoy and Lismore both had such baths by then.

It is possible that the author was unaware of the baths in Ireland and really meant that the Turkish bath at King's Lynn was the first to be installed in a workhouse in England.

Further research is needed here, not only to determine when the baths were actually opened, but how they were used and how long they survived. The workhouse itself, latterly St James' Hospital, closed in 1985.

Page first published 13 September 2006; slightly revised 19 February 2011

Thank you icon


Peter Higginbotham, for permission to quote from the report on his website:


The original page includes an images and footnotes.

Top of the page

Other Turkish baths in the provinces

Other Turkish baths in workhouses


Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline

Home pageSite mapSearch the site

Comments and queries are most welcome and can be sent to: 
The right of Malcolm Shifrin to be identified as the author of this work
has been asserted by him in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988