Northern Railway Company's hospital for horses
been estimated that in 1893 there were about 300,000 working horses in
London. An article (in the July 1900 number of the Railway Magazine by
George Wade) indicated that at King's Cross Station, London terminus of
the Great Northern Railway, up to 1,000 heavy horses would be
working at the same time. Another 300 would be off-duty
and resting in the stables which had been built under the goods platform.
A further 185 horses worked in the passenger parcels department and 40
in railway omnibus duties and in the adjoining yard.
horses, which cost about £60 each, worked twelve hours per day for four
days per week if they were trotting horses, or five days per week if
they were walking horses. The working life of a Great Northern horse was
about four years. If all the horses working in the company's other stations and goods
depots are taken into consideration it is clear that much time and money
was spent in housing and feeding them.
1884, the Great Northern Railway opened its hospital for horses which
included a complete Turkish baths suite comprising three interconnected
First, a large wash room or grooming
room [supplied with hot and cold water], from which is entered the first hot room or tepidarium, from 140° to 150°
from this room the horse, after being thoroughly acclimatised, can, if necessary, pass on to the hottest room or calidarium, from 160° to 170°
F, and without any turning round can pass on into the grooming and washing room again. This last room is slightly heated from the two other rooms, and in each are stocks in which the animal can be fastened if required.
hospital for horses, the Turkish bath air was heated by one of
Joseph Constantine's Convoluted Stoves. The large volume of hot air constantly
passing through the baths and drawn off by specially-designed
outlets ensured that the ventilation was effective throughout the
contact us if you know of any references
relating to these baths
and especially in relation to their closing date.