A Glossary of some terms
used on the website


The needle (douche) shower

  Hayward Tyler needle shower Needle shower at Aix-les-bains

The Turkish bath: its design and construction / Robert Owen Allsop. — London : Spon, 1890

Reproduced from a postcard. Aix-les-bains—Etablissement Thermal. Douche en cercle. — Aix-les-Bains : Libraire, Papeterie Cartier, c.1910

The original photograph is from Julien frères, Genève.

Advertisement for a popular needle shower to be found in many Turkish baths from the late 19th century onwards.

A needle shower in use at a thermal Spa in Aix-les-Bains at the beginning of the 20th century.

Postcard is from the collection of the Victorian Turkish Baths Project

This page last updated 31 October 2018

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Other terms in the glossary


Victorian Turkish Baths: their origin, development, and gradual decline

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